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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mechanism of cell cycle regulation by v-Src.

The tyrosine kinase oncoprotein v-Src can overcome the requirements for serum growth factors and anchorage which restrain normal cell growth. Here we investigated the biochemical mechanisms whereby v-Src induces quiescent cells to enter S phase in the absence of serum mitogens. Activating a temperature sensitive v-Src in quiescent cells sequentially induced cyclins D1, E and A and also down regulated p27. We addressed whether p27 down regulation was required to activate cyclin D1/CDK4/6 or cyclin E/CDK2 by engineering cells with inducible p27. Both S phase entry and activation of cyclin/CDKs were inhibited by over expression of p27. Using cells engineered with inducible p16 we showed that Cyclin D/CDK4/6 activity was required for v-Src to increase expression of cyclin A but not cyclin E. To determine which downstream kinases mediated these effects of v-Src we added pharmacological inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ( PI3-K), LY294002 or mitogen activated protein kinase kinase ( MEK), U0126. PI3-K was required for v-Src to activate MEK and MEK was required for v-Src to increase expression of cyclins D1 and E. However, the MEK inhibitor prevented p27 protein down regulation whereas the PI3-K inhibitor did not. This was because reduced PI3-K activity lead to proteolytic degradation of p27.[1]


  1. The mechanism of cell cycle regulation by v-Src. Riley, D., Carragher, N.O., Frame, M.C., Wyke, J.A. Oncogene (2001) [Pubmed]
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