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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel effects of minocycline on Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion in human airway epithelial Calu-3 cells.

The present study concerns previously unreported effects of the antibiotic minocycline on the transepithelial Cl(-) transport in Calu-3 cells, which display electrophysiological properties consistent with human airway serous cells. Basolateral 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS, 200 microM) augmented Cl(-) secretion, which was detected as a 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoate (NPPB, 100 microM, a Cl(-) channel blocker)-sensitive short-circuit current (I(sc)). The DIDS-induced I(sc) was composed of Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channel-dependent and -independent components. The former was selectively inhibited by 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid tetra(acetoxymethyl)ester (BAPTA/AM, 10 microM), charybdotoxin (ChTx, 100 nM), clotrimazole (10 microM), basolateral Ca(2+) removal, and basolateral minocycline (IC(50) = 20 microM). The latter was attenuated by basolateral BaCl (5 mM). In contrast, forskolin (10 microM)-induced I(sc), which is insensitive to BAPTA/AM and ChTx, was unaffected by minocycline (100 microM). ATP-induced I(sc) was partially inhibited by basolateral but not by apical minocycline. I(sc) due to basolateral application of ionomycin (1 microM) was markedly suppressed by NPPB and basolateral Ca(2+) removal. These inhibitory effects were mimicked by minocycline applied only from the basolateral side of the monolayer. In the basolateral absence of Ca(2+), 1-ethyl-2-benzimdazolinone (500 microM), a K(Ca) channel opener, generated a sustained I(sc) sensitive to ChTx. Minocycline had no significant effect on the ChTx-sensitive component of the I(sc). It is concluded that minocycline inhibits K(Ca) channel-dependent Cl(-) secretion via a blockade of Ca(2+) influx across the basolateral membrane from the extracellular side.[1]


  1. Novel effects of minocycline on Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) secretion in human airway epithelial Calu-3 cells. Ito, Y., Son, M., Kume, H., Yamaki, K. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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