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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Differential contributions of NMDA and non-NMDA receptors to spinal Fos expression evoked by superficial tissue and muscle inflammation in the rat.

The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors in the spinal cord in the transmission of nociceptive afferents from superficial tissue and muscle was studied by examining the effects of NMDA or non-NMDA receptor antagonists on Fos expression in the spinal dorsal horn. Muscle inflammation was induced by injection of turpentine oil into the gastrocnemius muscle, whereas superficial tissue inflammation was induced by an intraplantar injection of turpentine oil into the hindpaw. The NMDA receptor antagonist DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (AP-5), the non-NMDA receptor antagonist 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX) or normal saline were intrathecally administered 15 min before an intramuscular or intraplantar injection of turpentine oil. Muscle inflammation evoked expression of Fos-like immunoreactive neurons staining in neurons that were predominantly distributed in the middle portions of laminae I-II(outer) and the lateral portions of laminae V-VI of the ipsilateral dorsal horn at the spinal L(4)-L(5). DNQX, but not AP-5, significantly reduced the total number of Fos-like immunoreactive neurons evoked by muscle inflammation. In contrast, superficial tissue inflammation evoked expression of Fos-like immunoreactive neurons in the medial portions of laminae I-II(outer) and V-VI of the ipsilateral dorsal horn at the spinal L(4)-L(5) that was blocked by AP-5, but not by DNQX. Injection of normal saline did not influence the numbers of Fos-LI neurons.These results indicate that different glutamate receptors in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord may mediate nociceptive input from superficial tissue (particularly skin) and muscle. DNQX receptors may mediate transmission of nociceptive information originating in muscle, while NMDA receptors may preferentially mediate transmission of nociceptive information originating in skin.[1]

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