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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Serum vascular endothelial growth factor in breast cancer: its relation with cancer type and estrogen receptor status.

PURPOSE: Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the most potent angiogenic cytokines. In breast cancer, tumor VEGF has been shown to have a good correlation with relapse-free survival. The aim of this study was to determine the relation of serum VEGF levels to the various indices of breast cancer and known tumor markers carcinoembryonic antigen and CA15. 3. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Preoperative serum VEGF levels were determined in 200 women with breast cancer and compared with serum VEGF levels in 88 healthy female controls. RESULTS: The serum VEGF levels of the cancer patients as a group were significantly elevated compared with those of the controls (P < 0.0005). VEGF levels were elevated in patients with invasive cancer of ductal/no specific type, ductal carcinoma in situ, and estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumors. Patients with lobular carcinoma and ER-negative tumors had serum VEGF levels comparable with those in the controls. VEGF was more sensitive than CA15.3 and carcinoembryonic antigen in detecting breast cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative serum VEGF detects breast cancer with a sensitivity of 62.1%. The relationship to cancer type and ER status may have future therapeutic implications. Additional long-term studies are required to determine the prognostic significance of serum VEGF.[1]


  1. Serum vascular endothelial growth factor in breast cancer: its relation with cancer type and estrogen receptor status. Heer, K., Kumar, H., Read, J.R., Fox, J.N., Monson, J.R., Kerin, M.J. Clin. Cancer Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
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