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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Structural and sequence diversity of the pathogenicity island of uropathogenic Escherichia coli which encodes the USP protein.

A total of 321 uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains and 12 strains of E. coli isolated from stool samples of healthy individuals, which were previously shown to be positive in colony hybridization test using the usp (encoding for the uropathogenic-specific protein) DNA probe, were examined by PCR amplification to determine the size of the usp gene and the pathogenicity island (PI). Three types of size variation were observed for the usp gene and four types for the PI. Sequencing analysis of the PIs from seven representative strains (six UPEC and one from a normal healthy individual) revealed that the usp genes can be classified into two groups, each having different sequences in the 3'-terminal region. The peptides encoded by the three open reading frames (ORFs) downstream of usp had identical 23 amino acid residues in the C-terminal region. The subregion encoding these small ORFs has a mosaic structure constituted of six segments. The positions of these segments vary from strain to strain, and in some strains, two to four segments are deleted. This indicates that rearrangements occur frequently in this region and the mosaic arrangement apparently contributes to the size variation observed in the PCR examination of the usp genes and PIs.[1]

References

  1. Structural and sequence diversity of the pathogenicity island of uropathogenic Escherichia coli which encodes the USP protein. Nakano, M., Yamamoto, S., Terai, A., Ogawa, O., Makino, S.I., Hayashi, H., Nair, G.B., Kurazono, H. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. (2001) [Pubmed]
 
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