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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymatic synthesis of sulfated disaccharides using beta-D-galactosidase-catalyzed transglycosylation.

We have established a unique enzymatic approach for obtaining sulfated disaccharides using Bacillus circulans beta-D-galactosidase-catalyzed 6-sulfo galactosylation. When 4-methyl umbelliferyl 6-sulfo beta-D-galactopyranoside (S6Gal beta-4MU) was used as a donor, the enzyme induced transfer of 6-sulfo galactosyl residue to GlcNAc acceptor. As a result, the desired compound 6'-sulfo N-acetyllactosamine (S6Gal beta1-4GlcNAc) and its positional isomer 6'-sulfo N-acetylisolactosamine (S6Gal beta1-6GlcNAc) were observed by HPAEC-PAD, in 49% total yield based on the donor added, and in a molar ratio of 1:3. 5. With a glucose acceptor, the regioselectivity was substantially changed and S6Gal beta1-2Glc was mainly produced along with beta-(1-1)alpha, beta-(1-3), beta-(1-6) isomers in 74% total yield. When methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside (Glc alpha-OMe) was an acceptor, the enzyme also formed mainly S6Gal beta1-2Glc alpha-OMe with its beta-(1-6)-linked isomer in 41% total yield based on the donor added. In both cases, it led to the predominant formation of beta-(1-2)-linked disaccharides. In contrast, with the corresponding methyl beta-D-glucopyranoside (Glc beta-OMe) acceptor, S6Gal beta1-3Glc beta-OMe and S6Gal beta1-6Glc beta-OMe were formed in a low total yield of 12%. These results indicate that the regioselectivity and efficiency on the beta-D-galactosidase-mediated transfer reaction significantly depend on the anomeric configuration in the glucosyl acceptors.[1]


  1. Enzymatic synthesis of sulfated disaccharides using beta-D-galactosidase-catalyzed transglycosylation. Murata, T., Kosugi, M., Nakamura, T., Urashima, T., Usui, T. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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