The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

BH-3-only BIK functions at the endoplasmic reticulum to stimulate cytochrome c release from mitochondria.

Stimulation of apoptosis by p53 is accompanied by induction of the BH-3-only proapoptotic member of the BCL-2 family, BIK, and ectopic expression of BIK in p53-null cells caused the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria and activation of caspases, dependent on a functional BH-3 domain. A significant fraction of BIK, which contains a predicted transmembrane segment at its COOH terminus, was found inserted in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, with the bulk of the protein facing the cytosol. Restriction of BIK to this membrane by replacing its transmembrane segment with the ER-selective membrane anchor of cytochrome b(5) also retained the cytochrome c release and cell death- inducing activity of BIK. Whereas induction of cell death by BIK was strongly inhibited by the caspase inhibitor benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone, the inhibitor was without effect on the ability of BIK to stimulate egress of cytochrome c from mitochondria. This benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethylketone-insensitive pathway for stimulating cytochrome c release from mitochondria by ER BIK was successfully reconstituted in vitro and identified the requirement for components present in the light membrane (ER) and cytosol as necessary for this activity. Collectively, the results identify BIK as an initiator of cytochrome c release from mitochondria operating from a location at the ER.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities