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Formation of water-in-CO(2) microemulsions with non-fluorous surfactant Ls-54 and solubilization of biomacromolecules.

The solubility of Ls-54 surfactant in supercritical CO(2) was determined. It was found that the surfactant was highly soluble in SC CO(2) and the water-in-CO(2) microemulsions could be formed, despite it being a non-fluorous and non-siloxane nonionic surfactant. The main reasons for the high solubility and formation of the microemulsions may be that the surfactant has four CO(2)-philic groups (propylene oxide) and five hydrophilic groups (ethylene oxide) and its molecular weight are relatively low. The results of this work provide useful information for designing CO(2)-soluble non-fluorous and non-siloxane surfactants. The phase behavior of the CO(2)/Ls-54/H(2)O system, solvatochromic probe study, and the UV spectrum of lysozyme proved the existence of water domains in the SC CO(2) microemulsions. The method of synchrotron radiation small-angle X-ray scattering was used to obtain the structural information on the Ls-54 based water-in-CO(2) reverse micelles. By using the Guinier plot (ln I(q) versus q (2)) on the data sets in a defined small q range (0.022-0.040 A(-1)), the radii of the reverse micelles were obtained at different pressures and molar ratio of water to surfactant, W(0), which were in the range of 20.4-25.2 A.[1]

References

  1. Formation of water-in-CO(2) microemulsions with non-fluorous surfactant Ls-54 and solubilization of biomacromolecules. Liu, J., Han, B., Zhang, J., Li, G., Zhang, X., Wang, J., Dong, B. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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