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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lethal autoimmune hemolytic anemia in CD47-deficient nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice.

The glycoprotein CD47 (integrin-associated protein, IAP) is present on the surface of virtually all cells, including red blood cells (RBCs). CD47 acts like a marker of self by ligating the macrophage inhibitory receptor signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPalpha). In this manner mild reactivity of wild-type RBCs with macrophage phagocytic receptors is tolerated, whereas otherwise identical CD47-deficient RBCs are rapidly eliminated. We show here that virtually all CD47-deficient nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice spontaneously develop severe lethal autoimmune hemolytic anemia ( AIHA) at 180 to 280 days of age, whereas none of the control CD47(+) NOD mice develop lethal AIHA at least during the first year of life. This phenotype is at least partially due to a markedly increased rate of elimination of opsonized CD47(-/-) compared to CD47(+) RBCs. Similarly, CD47(-/-)C57BL/6 mice were much more sensitive than their wild-type counterparts to experimental passive AIHA induced by anti-RBC monoclonal antibodies. Thus, CD47-SIRPalpha signaling can have a profound influence on the severity of AIHA, making manipulation of this signaling pathway a theoretically appealing avenue in the treatment of the disease.[1]


  1. Lethal autoimmune hemolytic anemia in CD47-deficient nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. Oldenborg, P.A., Gresham, H.D., Chen, Y., Izui, S., Lindberg, F.P. Blood (2002) [Pubmed]
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