The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Thrombomodulin deficiency in human diabetic nerve microvasculature.

Human diabetic neuropathy is multifactorial in etiology, with ischemia as a final common pathology. Although impaired vascular endothelial cell function in diabetic microvascular injury is established, the role of thrombomodulin (TM)-dependent protein C antithrombotic mechanism in the pathogenesis of neuropathy is unclear. This neuropathologic case-control study investigated whether vascular endothelial TM expression is deficient in peripheral nerve microvessels in diabetic neuropathy. Sural nerve biopsies from 7 patients with diabetic neuropathy and 10 with axonal neuropathy without vasculopathy were immunostained with anti-TM and anti-von Willebrand factor (vWF; an endothelial cell marker) antibodies. The proportion of TM-positive microvessels was expressed relative to total vWF-staining vessels, according to vessel caliber and regional distribution within the nerve. In diabetic nerves compared with reference controls, the proportion of TM-positive endoneurial microvessels was 15-fold lower (0.02 vs. 0.30 in diabetic nerves vs. controls, P < 0.004), and the proportion of small-caliber epineurial microvessels was 10-fold lower (0.04 vs. 0.43, P < 0.001). No TM expression was detected at the perineurium in diabetic or control nerves. We demonstrate a substantial reduction of vascular endothelial TM expression throughout human diabetic neuropathy. These findings suggest that an impaired native TM-dependent protein C antithrombotic mechanism may contribute to microvascular ischemia in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy.[1]

References

  1. Thrombomodulin deficiency in human diabetic nerve microvasculature. Hafer-Macko, C.E., Ivey, F.M., Gyure, K.A., Sorkin, J.D., Macko, R.F. Diabetes (2002) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities