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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Natural truncation of the chemokine MIP-1 beta /CCL4 affects receptor specificity but not anti-HIV-1 activity.

Activated lymphocytes synthesize and secrete substantial amounts of the beta-chemokines macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1 alpha/CCL3 and MIP-1 beta/CCL4, both of which inhibit infection of cells with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The native form of MIP-1 beta secreted by activated human peripheral blood lymphocytes ( MIP-1 beta(3-69)) lacks the two NH(2)-terminal amino acids of the full-length protein. This truncated form of MIP-1 beta has now been affinity-purified from the culture supernatant of such cells, and its structure has been confirmed by mass spectrometry. Functional studies of the purified protein revealed that MIP-1 beta(3-69) retains the abilities to induce down-modulation of surface expression of the chemokine receptor CCR5 and to inhibit the CCR5-mediated entry of HIV-1 in T cells. Characterization of the chemokine receptor specificity of MIP-1 beta(3-69) showed that the truncated protein not only shares the ability of intact MIP-1 beta to induce Ca(2+) signaling through CCR5, but unlike the full-length protein, it also triggers a Ca(2+) response via CCR1 and CCR2b. These results demonstrate that NH(2)-terminally truncated MIP-1 beta functions as a chemokine agonist with expanded receptor reactivity, which may represent an important mechanism for regulation of immune cell recruitment during inflammatory and antiviral responses.[1]


  1. Natural truncation of the chemokine MIP-1 beta /CCL4 affects receptor specificity but not anti-HIV-1 activity. Guan, E., Wang, J., Roderiquez, G., Norcross, M.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
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