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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional characterization of the 11 non-ATPase subunit proteins in the trypanosome 19 S proteasomal regulatory complex.

The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is responsible for selective degradation of short-lived and dysfunctional proteins in eukaryotes. The recently demonstrated presence of a functional 26 S proteasome in Trypanosoma brucei led to the identification and isolation of genes encoding all 11 non-ATPase (Rpn) subunit proteins in the trypanosome 19 S regulatory complex. Using the technique of RNA interference, expression of individual RPN genes was disrupted in the procyclic form of T. brucei, resulting, in each case, in intracellular accumulation of polyubiquitinated protein, cell arrest at the G2/M phase, and eventual cell death. With the exception of Rpn10, depletion of individual Rpn proteins disrupted also trypanosome 19 S complex formation, with the complex virtually depleted in the cell lysate. This functional and structural essentiality of 10 of the 11 Rpn proteins in T. brucei differs significantly from that observed in other organisms. When Rpn10 was deficient in trypanosomes, a 19 S complex without Rpn10 was still formed, whereas cell growth was arrested. This structural dispensability but functional indispensability of Rpn10 may constitute another unique aspect of the proteasomes in T. brucei.[1]


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