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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Actions of intrathecal omega-conotoxins CVID, GVIA, MVIIA, and morphine in acute and neuropathic pain in the rat.

Agents which decrease conductance of N-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels have been shown to attenuate measures of neuropathic pain in animal models and to provide symptom relief in humans. The omega-conotoxins have demonstrated efficacy but have a low therapeutic index. We have investigated the effects of a new omega-conotoxin, CVID (AM-336), and compared them with omega-conotoxin GVIA (SNX-124), omega-conotoxin MVIIA (SNX-111) and morphine in a spinal nerve ligation model of neuropathic pain in the rat. The ED(50) (and 95% CI) for attenuation of tactile allodynia by intrathecal administration for omega-conotoxin CVID, GVIA, MVIIA and morphine was 0.36 (0.27-0.48), 0.12 (0.06-0.24), 0.32 (0.23-0.45) and 4.4 (2.9-6.5) microg/kg, respectively. Only morphine significantly prolonged acute tail flick responses (ED(50) 2.3 (1.1-4.9) microg/kg). Of the omega-conotoxins, omega-conotoxin CVID showed the highest ratio of efficacy to behavioural toxicity. These observations show that intrathecal omega-conotoxins are effective in attenuating tactile allodynia in the rat without significantly affecting acute nociceptive responses. Omega-conotoxin CVID had similar potency to omega-conotoxin MVIIA but showed less toxicity in the therapeutic range.[1]


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