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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Studies on the function of oligosaccharyl transferase subunits. Stt3p is directly involved in the glycosylation process.

In the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, oligosaccharyl transferase (OT) is composed of nine different transmembrane proteins. Using a glycosylatable peptide containing a photoprobe, we previously found that only one essential subunit, Ost1p, was specifically labeled by the photoprobe and recently have shown that it does not contain the recognition domain for the glycosylatable sequence Asn-Xaa-Thr/Ser. In this study we utilized additional glycosylatable peptides containing two photoreactive groups and found that these were linked to Stt3p and Ost3p. Stt3p is the most conserved subunit in the OT complex, and therefore 21 block mutants in the lumenal region were prepared. Of the 14 lethal mutant proteins only two, as well as one temperature-sensitive mutant protein, were incorporated into the OT complex. However, using microsomes prepared from these three strains, the labeling of Ost1p was markedly decreased upon photoactivation with the Asn-Bpa-Thr photoprobe. Based on the block mutants single amino acid mutations were prepared and analyzed. From all of these results, we conclude that the sequence from residues 516 to 520, WWDYG in Stt3p, plays a central role in glycosylatable peptide recognition and/or the catalytic glycosylation process.[1]


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