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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Safety of tissue plasminogen activator for acute stroke in menstruating women.

BACKGROUND: Menses is a theoretical contraindication to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment. We sought to establish the safety of intravenous tPA in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in women who are actively menstruating. SUMMARY OF REPORT: We provide a case report and review of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) database for women coded as actively menstruating. Nine subjects were coded as actively menstruating in the NINDS trial (4 placebo and 5 in the treatment). One subject in the treatment group who had a 1-year history of dysfunctional uterine bleeding required emergent uterine artery ligation. We also report a case of a woman requiring transfusion after intravenous tPA administration for acute ischemic stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous tPA may be administered relatively safely in women who are menstruating and should be used with caution in women with a history of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Potential patients should be advised that they might require transfusion for increased menstrual flow.[1]


  1. Safety of tissue plasminogen activator for acute stroke in menstruating women. Wein, T.H., Hickenbottom, S.L., Morgenstern, L.B., Demchuk, A.M., Grotta, J.C. Stroke (2002) [Pubmed]
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