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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 by motorcycle exhaust particulate in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.

The effects of motorcycle exhaust particulate (MEP) on cytochrome P-450-dependent monooxygenases were determined using MCF-7 human breast cancer cells treated with organic extracts of MEP. Treatment with MEP extract produced concentration- and time-dependent increases of monooxygenase activity in S9 fractions. Treatment with 50 microg/ml MEP extract for 24 h increased benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase and 7-ethoxycoumarin, 7-ethoxyresorufin, and methoxyresorufin O-dealkylases activities in S9. Treatments with 1 and 10 microg/ml MEP extract for 24 h markedly enhanced catabolism of 17beta-estradiol in MCF-7 cells. Cotreatment of the cells with 2 microM alpha-naphthoflavone, a cytochrome P-450 inhibitor and arylhydrocarbon receptor antagonist, blocked the increase of benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase activity induced by treatment with MEP extract alone. Immunoblot analyses of S9 proteins using a mouse monoclonal antibody 1-12-3 against rat cytochrome P-450 1A1 and a rabbit polyclonal antibody against human cytochrome P-450 1B1 revealed that MEP extract induced proteins immunorelated to cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1. RNA blot analysis of total RNA using human cytochrome P-450 (CYP)1A1 3'-end and human CYP1B1 RT-PCR product cDNA probes showed that MEP extract increased the levels of cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 mRNA hybridizable to the respective cDNA probes. Treatment with 10 micro M benzo[a]pyrene, a component of MEP extract, for 24 h induced catalytic activity, protein, and mRNA of cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 in MCF-7 cells. Treatment with MEP extract increased cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 proteins and mRNA levels in NCI-H322 human lung carcinoma and CL5 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. The extract also increased cytochrome P-450 1A1, but not cytochrome P-450 1B1, protein, and mRNA, in HepG2 human hepatoma cells. The present findings demonstrate that MEP extract has the ability to induce cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 in the estrogen-responsive MCF-7 cells. Induction of the carcinogen- and estrogen-metabolizing cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 may be an important factor to consider in assessing the potential health effects associated with human exposure to MEP.[1]


  1. Induction of cytochromes P-450 1A1 and 1B1 by motorcycle exhaust particulate in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Wang, H.W., Chen, F.W., Ueng, T.H. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A (2002) [Pubmed]
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