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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mitogenic activity of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is mediated via an extracellular signal related kinase dependent pathway.

Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a malignant mesenchymal tumor originating in the dermis. Although it is locally aggressive and recurs unless completely excised, it only rarely metastasizes. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of increased proliferation of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells. The cells showed increased DNA synthesis in serum-free medium, which was demonstrated by the incorporation of [3H]-thymidine. Increased DNA synthesis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells was abolished by genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, or by PD98059, a specific extracellular signal related kinase pathway inhibitor, but not by calphostin C, a protein kinase C inhibitor. Immunoblotting analysis of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells using a specific antibody against phosphorylated extracellular signal related kinase (Thr202/Tyr204) showed that extracellular signal related kinase was expressed as constitutively phosphorylated molecules in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that the kinase was constitutively located in the nucleus of the cells. Furthermore, transfection of the dominant negative mutant extracellular signal related kinase into dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells abolished the increased mitogenic activity of the cells. These results suggest that an extracellular signal related kinase dependent pathway is implicated in the increased mitogenic activity of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans cells.[1]


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