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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The 3' untranslated region of human vimentin mRNA interacts with protein complexes containing eEF-1gamma and HAX-1.

Previously, we have shown that the vimentin 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) contains a highly conserved region, which is sufficient for the perinuclear localization of a reporter mRNA. This region was shown to specifically bind protein(s) by band shift analyses. UV-cross-linking studies suggest these proteins are 46- and 35-kDa in mass. Here, we have used this sequence as 'bait' to isolate RNA binding proteins using the yeast three-hybrid method. This technique relies on a functional assay detecting bona fide RNA-protein interaction in vivo. Three cDNA isolates, HAX-1, eEF-1gamma and hRIP, code for proteins of a size consistent with in vitro cross- linking studies. In all cases, recombinant proteins were capable of binding RNA in vitro. Although hRIP is thought to be a general mRNA binding protein, this represents an unreported activity for eEF-1gamma and HAX-1. Moreover, HAX-1 binding appears to be specific to vimentin's 3'UTR. Both in vivo synthesized eEF-1gamma and HAX-1 proteins were 'pulled out' of HeLa whole cell extracts by binding to a RNA affinity column comprised of vimentin's 3'UTR. Moreover, size-fractionation of extracts results in the separation of large complexes containing either eEF-1gamma or HAX-1. Thus, in addition to their known functions, both eEF-1gamma and HAX-1 are RNA binding proteins, which suggests new roles in mRNA translation and/or perinuclear localization.[1]


  1. The 3' untranslated region of human vimentin mRNA interacts with protein complexes containing eEF-1gamma and HAX-1. Al-Maghrebi, M., Brulé, H., Padkina, M., Allen, C., Holmes, W.M., Zehner, Z.E. Nucleic Acids Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
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