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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rac and Cdc42-dependent regulation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases by the delta-opioid receptor.

Heptahelical opioid receptors utilize Gi proteins to regulate a multitude of effectors including the classical adenylyl cyclases and the more recently discovered mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) belong to one of three subgroups of MAPKs. In NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells that endogenously express delta-opioid receptors, delta-agonist dose-dependently stimulated JNK activity in a pertussis toxin-sensitive manner. By using COS-7 cells transiently transfected with the cDNAs of delta-opioid receptor and hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged JNK, we delineated the signaling components involved in this pathway. Sequestration of Gbetagamma subunits by transducin suppressed the opioid- induced JNK activity. The possible involvement of the small GTPases was also examined. Expression of dominant negative mutants of Rac and Cdc42 blocked the opioid- induced JNK activation, and a partial inhibition was observed in the presence of the dominant negative mutant of Ras. In contrast, the dominant negative mutant of Rho did not affect the opioid- induced JNK activation. In addition, the receptor-mediated JNK activation was dependent on Src family tyrosine kinases, but independent of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and EGF receptor tyrosine kinases. Collectively, these results demonstrate functional regulation of JNK by the delta-opioid receptor, and this pathway requires Gbetagamma, Src kinases and the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42.[1]


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