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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Determinants of pH sensing in the two-pore domain K(+) channels TASK-1 and -2.

TASK-1 and -2 are members of the two-pore domain potassium (K(+)) channel family and are sensitive to changes in extracellular pH. The effects of mutating charged, extracellular-facing residues in TASK-1 and -2 were studied in Xenopusoocytes by two-electrode voltage clamp. Hydrogen ion block was independent of voltage with K(d) values of 149+/-17.9 nM [H(+)] ( n=6) and 5.76+/-1.23 nM [H(+)] ( n=7) for TASK-1 and -2, respectively. Compared to wild-type TASK-1, H72N, H98N, H98D and K210N displayed significant shifts in their K(d) values for hydrogen ion block ([H(+)]; 110+/-9.80 nM, 737+/-170 nM, 321+/-85.9 nM and 267+/-9.92 nM, respectively, n=6 each, P<0.05). Although significantly reducing its pH sensitivity, mutation of H98 in TASK-1 did not abolish pH sensitivity; this implies that H98 is not the only residue or domain involved in pH sensing of TASK-1. TASK-2 does not possess a histidine residue at the homologous position. However, the inclusion of such a residue failed to produce the expected increase in pH sensitivity; instead, a slight decrease was observed. Despite their structural homology and common sensitivity to pH, the TASK family of K(+) channels apparently has diverse pH-sensing mechanisms.[1]

References

  1. Determinants of pH sensing in the two-pore domain K(+) channels TASK-1 and -2. Morton, M.J., O'Connell, A.D., Sivaprasadarao, A., Hunter, M. Pflugers Arch. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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