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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hybrid tetramers reveal elements of cooperativity in Escherichia coli D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase.

d-3-Phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli is a tetramer of identical subunits that is inhibited when l-serine binds at allosteric sites between subunits. Co-expression of two genes, the native gene containing a charge difference mutation and a gene containing a mutation that eliminates serine binding, produces hybrid tetramers that can be separated by ion exchange chromatography. Activity in the hybrid tetramer with only a single intact serine binding site is inhibited by approximately 58% with a Hill coefficient of 1. Thus, interaction at a single regulatory domain interface does not, in itself, lead to the positive cooperativity of inhibition manifest in the native enzyme. Tetramers with only two intact serine binding sites purify as a mixture that displays a maximum inhibition level that is less than that of native enzyme, suggesting the presence of a population of tetramers that are unable to be fully inhibited. Differential analysis of this mixture supports the conclusion that it contains two forms of the tetramer. One form contains two intact serine binding sites at the same interface and is not fully inhibitable. The second form is a fully inhibitable population that has one serine binding site at each interface. Overall, the hybrid tetramers show that the positive cooperativity observed for serine binding is mediated across the nucleotide binding domain interface, and the negative cooperativity is mediated across the regulatory domain interface. That is, they reveal a pattern in which the binding of serine at one interface leads to negative cooperativity of binding of a subsequent serine at the same interface and positive cooperativity of binding of a subsequent serine to the opposite interface. This trend is propagated to subsequent binding sites in the tetramer such that the negative cooperativity that is originally manifest at one interface is decreased by subsequent binding of ligand at the opposite interface.[1]


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