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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mouse mast cell protease-1 cleaves angiotensin I to form angiotensin II.

The ability to convert angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II was compared between human alpha-chymase and two mouse beta-chymases, mouse mast cell protease (mMCP)-1 and mMCP-4. Human chymase hydrolyzed Ang I to produce Ang II without further degradation. mMCP-1 similarly generated Ang II from Ang I in a time-dependent manner and the formation of the fragment other than Ang II was marginal. In contrast, mMCP-4 hydrolyzed Ang I at two sites, Tyr(4)-Ile(5) and Phe(8)-His(9), with Ang II formation being tentative. Consistently, mMCP-4 but not human chymase hydrolyzed Ang II and mMCP-1 showed little hydrolytic activity against Ang II. These data suggest that not only human chymase but also mMCP-1 might possess a physiological role in Ang II formation. Our findings also imply that the Ang-converting activity of chymase may not be related to the categorization of chymase into alpha- or beta-type based on their primary structure.[1]


  1. Mouse mast cell protease-1 cleaves angiotensin I to form angiotensin II. Saito, K., Muto, T., Tomimori, Y., Imajo, S., Maruoka, H., Tanaka, T., Yamashiro, K., Fukuda, Y. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2003) [Pubmed]
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