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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effector CD8 T cells possess suppressor function after 4-1BB and Toll-like receptor triggering.

To better understand how innate and adaptive immune responses interact with each other, we combined 4-1BB T cell costimulation with specific adjuvants to determine whether these treatments would influence specific T cell expansion and function in vivo. In the presence of 4-1BB ligation and Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR)3 and/or TLR4 triggering, CD8 T cell clonal expansion and survival was augmented profoundly. Specific T cells primed in vivo with TLR ligands responded normally to in vitro recall stimulus, but, surprisingly, copriming with 4-1BB costimulation significantly impaired the recall response even though many more specific effector T cells were rescued in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that the rescued CD8 T cells suppressed CD4 T cell proliferation via a type beta transforming growth factor-dependent mechanism. Thus, 4-1BB and TLR ligands induce survival of specific effector CD8 T cells with suppressive recall potential, which may explain the dual role that 4-1BB activation plays in mediating tumor clearance and prevention of autoimmune disease.[1]


  1. Effector CD8 T cells possess suppressor function after 4-1BB and Toll-like receptor triggering. Myers, L., Takahashi, C., Mittler, R.S., Rossi, R.J., Vella, A.T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
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