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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lysophosphatidic acid signals through mitogen-activated protein kinase-extracellular signal regulated kinase in ovarian theca cells expressing the LPA1/edg2-receptor: involvement of a nonclassical pathway?

We investigated the mechanism of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling in ovarian theca cells and observed that stimulation with this bioactive lipid markedly enhanced Thr/ Tyr phosphorylation of the MAPK ERK1/2. Activation of ERK was transient, showing a peak at 5 min that declined thereafter, and was not associated with a concomitant nuclear translocation of the enzyme, suggesting that a cytosolic tyrosine phosphatase may be responsible for switching off the signal. Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced activation of the enzyme in the same cell system was more rapid (peaking at 1 min), sustainable for at least 60 min, and could be suppressed by prior treatment with either pertussis toxin or a noncompetitive inhibitor of Ras acceptor protein, manumycin A. This functional inhibition of either Gi or Ras failed, however, to affect the LPA-induced ERK-phosphorylation. Surprisingly, functional inhibition of Rho-GTPase, in C3-exotoxin-lipofected cells, markedly reduced LPA-stimulated phosphorylation of ERK, without affecting the EGF- induced stimulation of MAPK. Theca cells labeled with anti-LPA1/edg2-type antibody showed a distinct cell surface labeling, which is reflected in the expression of (LPA1)-type LPA receptors at both mRNA and protein levels. The findings indicate that LPA transiently stimulates MAPK ERK in LPA1/edg2- expressing theca cells and suggest an alternative mechanism regulating the activation of ERK that differs from the canonical EGF-Ras-MAPK kinase pathway.[1]


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