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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and kinetic analysis of the substrate specificity of modules 5 and 6 of the picromycin/methymycin polyketide synthase.

Picromycin synthase (PICS) is a multifunctional, modular polyketide synthase (PKS) that catalyzes the conversion of methylmalonyl-CoA to narbonolide and 10-deoxymethynolide, the macrolide aglycone precursors of the antibiotics picromycin and methymycin, respectively. PICS modules 5 and 6 were each expressed in Escherichia coli with a thioesterase domain at the C-terminus to allow release of polyketide products. The substrate specificity of PICS modules 5+TE and 6+TE was investigated using N-acetylcysteamine thioesters of 2-methyl-3-hydroxy-pentanoic acid as diketide analogues of the natural polyketide chain elongation substrates. PICS module 5+TE could catalyze the chain elongation of only the syn diketide (2S,3R)-4, while PICS module 6+TE processed both syn diastereomers, (2S,3R)-4 and (2R,3S)-5, with a 2.5:1 preference in k(cat)/K(m) for 5 but did not turn over either of the two anti diketides. The observed substrate specificity patterns are in contrast to the 15-100:1 preference for 4 over 5 previously established for several modules of the closely related erythromycin PKS, 6-deoxyerythronolide B synthase (DEBS).[1]


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