The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deletion of one of the duplicated Hsp70 genes causes hereditary myopathy of diaphragmatic muscles in Holstein-Friesian cattle.

Heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is a major chaperone that folds protein and prevents aggregation. The Hsp70 family contains both constitutive and stress-inducible forms. In humans, two of the inducible Hsp70 genes are located within the human major histocompatibility complex ( MHC) on 6p21.3, as a duplicated locus, 12 kb apart from each other. We report that loss of one of the duplicated Hsp70 genes, the bovine homologue within the bovine MHC, is responsible for hereditary myopathy of diaphragmatic muscles (HMDM) in Holstein-Friesian cattle. Although the remaining Hsp70 gene is intact, Hsp70 protein levels are dramatically decreased in affected cattle. In normal diaphragmatic muscle, Hsp70 binds several proteins involved in energy metabolism including glycogen phosphorylase ( PYGM). Immunohistochemical staining indicated that PYGM accumulated in the HMDM-specific core-like structures in affected cattle. Misfolding of energy-related proteins due to Hsp70 deficiency might lead to protein aggregation and muscle fibre degeneration.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities