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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclooxygenase-2 expression and effect of celecoxib in gastric adenomas of trefoil factor 1-deficient mice.

Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) is elevated in gastric adenocarcinomas and precursor lesions leading to this disease. Mice deficient for trefoil factor 1 (TFF1) develop a pyloric adenoma with full penetrance. Because inhibition of Cox-2 suppresses tumor growth in several animal models, we studied expression of Cox-2 and effect of a selective Cox-2 inhibitor celecoxib in gastrointestinal tissues of the TFF1-deficient mice. Cox-2 mRNA and protein were strongly expressed in the pyloric adenomas of the TFF1(-/-) mice as detected by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Nonneoplastic gastrointestinal tissues of wild-type or TFF1(-/-) mice expressed low or nondetectable levels of Cox-2. Celecoxib (1600 ppm p.o. for 3 months) caused ulceration and inflammation of the adenoma in all treated TFF1(-/-) mice (n = 7). This effect of the drug was adenoma specific, because no histological alterations were observed in the non-neoplastic gastric or intestinal tissues in the TFF1(-/-) or wild-type mice receiving the drug treatment. All untreated TFF1(-/-) mice had an adenoma (n = 7), but none demonstrated the combination of ulceration and inflammation. Our data show that Cox-2 is expressed in gastric adenomas of the TFF1(-/-) mice and suggest that inhibition of Cox-2 disturbs the integrity of the adenoma by promoting ulceration and inflammation. These findings support the effort to initiate clinical studies to investigate the effect of Cox-2 inhibitors as a chemotherapeutic modality for dysplasias of the stomach.[1]


  1. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression and effect of celecoxib in gastric adenomas of trefoil factor 1-deficient mice. Saukkonen, K., Tomasetto, C., Narko, K., Rio, M.C., Ristimäki, A. Cancer Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
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