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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Positive modulation of IL-12 signaling by sphingosine kinase 2 associating with the IL-12 receptor beta 1 cytoplasmic region.

IL-12 is a key immunoregulatory cytokine that promotes Th1 differentiation and cell-mediated immune responses. IL-12 stimulation results in the activation of Janus kinase 2 and tyrosine kinase 2 and, subsequently, STAT4 and STAT3. In addition, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6/ p38 mitogen- activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathways have been recently demonstrated to be activated by IL-12 and play an important role in IL-12 signaling. To further elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying IL-12 signaling, we have performed a yeast two-hybrid screening and identified mouse sphingosine kinase 2 (SPHK2) as a molecule associating with the mouse IL-12Rbeta1 cytoplasmic region. Analyses of various mutants of each molecule revealed that the region including the proline-rich domain in SPHK2 is probably responsible for the binding to IL-12Rbeta1, while the regions including the carboxyl terminus and Box II in the IL-12Rbeta1 cytoplasmic region appear to be involved in the binding to SPHK2. Transient expression of wild-type SPHK2 in T cell hybridoma augmented IL-12- induced STAT4-mediated transcriptional activation. Ectopic expression of dominant-negative SPHK2 in Th1 cell clone significantly reduced IL-12- induced IFN-gamma production, while that of wild-type SPHK2 enhanced it. In contrast, the expression minimally affected IL-12-induced proliferation. A similar decrease in IL-12-induced IFN-gamma production was observed when dominant-negative SPHK2 was expressed in activated primary T cells using a retroviral expression system. These results suggest that SPHK2 associates with the IL-12Rbeta1 cytoplasmic region and probably plays a role in modulating IL-12 signaling.[1]


  1. Positive modulation of IL-12 signaling by sphingosine kinase 2 associating with the IL-12 receptor beta 1 cytoplasmic region. Yoshimoto, T., Furuhata, M., Kamiya, S., Hisada, M., Miyaji, H., Magami, Y., Yamamoto, K., Fujiwara, H., Mizuguchi, J. J. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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