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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tumor induction by an endogenous K-ras oncogene is highly dependent on cellular context.

We have targeted a K-ras allele in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells to express a K-Ras(V12) oncoprotein along with a marker protein (beta-geo) from a single bicistronic transcript. Expression of this oncogenic allele requires removal of a knocked in STOP transcriptional cassette by Cre recombinase. Primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts expressing this K-ras(V12) allele do not undergo proliferative senescence and proliferate as immortal cells. In mice, expression of K-ras(V12) throughout the body fails to induce unscheduled proliferation or other growth abnormalities for up to eight months. Only a percentage of K-ras(V12)-expressing lung bronchiolo-alveolar cells undergo malignant transformation leading to the formation of multiple adenomas and adenocarcinomas. These results indicate that neoplastic growth induced by an endogenous K-ras oncogene depends upon cellular context.[1]


  1. Tumor induction by an endogenous K-ras oncogene is highly dependent on cellular context. Guerra, C., Mijimolle, N., Dhawahir, A., Dubus, P., Barradas, M., Serrano, M., Campuzano, V., Barbacid, M. Cancer Cell (2003) [Pubmed]
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