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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The guanine nucleotide exchange factor ARNO mediates the activation of ARF and phospholipase D by insulin.

BACKGROUND: Phospholipase D (PLD) is involved in many signaling pathways. In most systems, the activity of PLD is primarily regulated by the members of the ADP-Ribosylation Factor (ARF) family of GTPases, but the mechanism of activation of PLD and ARF by extracellular signals has not been fully established. Here we tested the hypothesis that ARF-guanine nucleotide exchange factors (ARF-GEFs) of the cytohesin/ARNO family mediate the activation of ARF and PLD by insulin. RESULTS: Wild type ARNO transiently transfected in HIRcB cells was translocated to the plasma membrane in an insulin-dependent manner and promoted the translocation of ARF to the membranes. ARNO mutants: DeltaCC-ARNO and CC-ARNO were partially translocated to the membranes while DeltaPH-ARNO and PH-ARNO could not be translocated to the membranes. Sec7 domain mutants of ARNO did not facilitate the ARF translocation. Overexpression of wild type ARNO significantly increased insulin- stimulated PLD activity, and mutations in the Sec7 and PH domains, or deletion of the PH or CC domains inhibited the effects of insulin. CONCLUSIONS: Small ARF-GEFs of the cytohesin/ARNO family mediate the activation of ARF and PLD by the insulin receptor.[1]

References

  1. The guanine nucleotide exchange factor ARNO mediates the activation of ARF and phospholipase D by insulin. Li, H.S., Shome, K., Rojas, R., Rizzo, M.A., Vasudevan, C., Fluharty, E., Santy, L.C., Casanova, J.E., Romero, G. BMC Cell Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
 
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