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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymes that recognize dolichols participate in three glycosylation pathways and are required for protein secretion.

We have explored the structure, function, and membrane topography of enzymes that recognize dolichols and participate in glycosylation pathways in the endoplasmic reticulum. Enzymes that interact with dolichols, including dolichyl phosphate mannose (Dol-P-Man) synthase and UDP-GlcNAc:Dol-P-transferase, revealed a conserved amino acid sequence in membrane-spanning regions. The consensus is Phe-Ile/Val-Xaa-Phe/Try-Xaa-Xaa-Ile-Pro-Phe-Xaa-Phe/Tyr, and we propose it is involved in dolichol recognition. We have used yeast mutants to demonstrate the role of dolichols in three glycosylation pathways. At its nonpermissive temperature, a Dol-P-Man synthase mutant (dpm1) was blocked in N-glycosylation, O-mannosylation, and glycosyl phosphoinositol membrane anchoring of protein, most likely because Dol-P-Man serves as mannosyl donor in all three pathways. The secretion mutant sec59 has a similar phenotype to dpm1, and the presence of a dolichol recognition sequence in the SEC59 protein gave a clue to its defect, which is in dolichol kinase. Comparison of yeast glycosylation mutant suggests that the ability to carry out N-glycosylation alone is sufficient to allow yeast to secrete glycoproteins and that an N-linked saccharide of a minimum size must be attached to proteins for cells to be able to secrete them and maintain a functional secretory pathway.[1]


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