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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Incorporation of a bacterial membrane-bound hydrogenase into proteoliposomes.

Membrane-bound nickel-iron hydrogenases from diverse genera of bacteria have been previously characterized and they are closely related. We report the reconstitution of purified Bradyrhizobium japonicum hydrogenase into proteoliposomes by a detergent dialysis method followed by two or three cycles of freeze-thaw. Sedimentation experiments revealed that more than 60% of the H2-uptake activity was particulate when reconstituted into Escherichia coli phospholipids. Sucrose-gradient centrifugation separated hydrogenase activity into two peaks, the less dense of which was phospholipid-associated and turbid, thereby showing successful incorporation. Purified enzyme did not bind to performed phospholipid vesicles, and 1.0 M NaCl failed to remove incorporated hydrogenase. The optimal micellar detergent:phospholipid ratio (rho) value for hydrogenase incorporation was 2. 0. Proteoliposomes containing acidic phospholipids were the most effective for incorporation as well as for activity. The artificial electron acceptor specificity was similar for proteoliposomes and for H2-oxidizing membranes from B. japonicum. Proteoliposomes formed under optimal conditions had a broad size distribution centered around 400 nm diameter. Hydrogenase activity in proteoliposomes was partially protected from inactivation by the protein modification reagent diazobenzene sulfonate (DABS) (inactivation t1/2 = 30 min), whereas DABS rapidly inactivated the purified enzyme (t1/2 = 4 min). The latter result indicates protection of a catalytically important site by the phospholipid bilayer. This experimental system should be useful in addressing questions regarding the in vivo situation of bacterial membrane-bound hydrogenases.[1]


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