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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the soluble domain of the ABC7 type transporter Atm1.

Atm1 is an ABC transporter that is located in yeast mitochondria and has previously been implicated in the maturation of cytosolic iron-sulfur cluster proteins. The soluble nucleotide binding domain of Atm1 (Atm1-C) has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized. Dissociation constants (KD) for Atm1-C binding of ATP (KD approximately 97 microm, pH 7.3, and approximately 102 microm, pH 10.0) and ADP (KD approximately 43 microm, pH 7.3, and 92 microm, pH 10.0) were measured by fluorimetry. The higher binding affinity for ADP suggests that the transmembrane-spanning domain may be required to promote a structural change in the nucleotide binding domain to facilitate substrate export and ADP release. ADP also had an inhibitory effect on Atm1-C with an IC50 of 10 mm. The Michaelis-Menten constants Vmax, KM, and kcat of Atm1-C were measured as 1.822 microm min(-1), 513 microm, and 0.055 min(-1), respectively. The metal dependence of Atm1-C ATPase demonstrated a reactivity order of Mn2+ > Mg2+ > Co2+, while Mg2+ and Co2+ were both found to be inhibitory at higher concentrations. The pH profile and structural comparison with HisP are consistent with a role for His and Lys in promoting the ATPase activity. Structural analysis of Atm1-C by CD spectroscopy suggested a similarity of secondary structure to that found for a prokaryotic homologue (HisP), whereas modeling of the Atm1-C tertiary structure using HisP as a template is also consistent with a similarity in tertiary structure. Atm1-C tends to form a dimer or higher aggregation state at higher concentration; however, the concentration dependence of Atm1-C on ATPase activity and the results of a Hill analysis (napp = 1.1) demonstrated that there was essentially no cooperativity in ATP hydrolysis, in contrast to observations for the prokaryotic HisP transporter, which demonstrated full cooperativity for both full-length and the soluble domains. Accordingly, any cooperative response must be mediated through the transmembrane domain in the case of the eukaryotic Atm1 transporter.[1]


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