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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Possible regulation of the conventional calpain system by skeletal muscle-specific calpain, p94/calpain 3.

p94 (also called calpain 3) is the skeletal muscle-specific calpain and is considered to be a "modulator protease" in various cellular processes. Analysis of p94 at the protein level is an urgent issue because the loss of p94 protease activity causes limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A. In this study, we enzymatically characterized one alternatively spliced variant of p94, p94:exons 6(-)15(-)16(-) (p94delta), which lacks two of the p94-specific insertion sequences. In contrast to p94, which has hardly been studied enzymatically due to its rapid, thorough, and apparently Ca(2+)-independent autolytic activity, p94delta was stably expressed in COS and insect cells. p94delta showed Ca(2+)-dependent caseinolytic and autolytic activities and an inhibitor spectrum similar to those of the conventional calpains. However, calpastatin did not inhibit p94delta and is a substrate for p94delta, which is consistent with the properties of p94, presenting p94 as a possible regulator of the conventional calpain system. We also established a semi-quantitative fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay using the calpastatin sequence specifically to measure p94 activity. This method detects the activity of COS-expressed p94 and p94delta, suggesting that it has potential to evaluate p94 activity in vivo and in the diagnosis of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A.[1]


  1. Possible regulation of the conventional calpain system by skeletal muscle-specific calpain, p94/calpain 3. Ono, Y., Kakinuma, K., Torii, F., Irie, A., Nakagawa, K., Labeit, S., Abe, K., Suzuki, K., Sorimachi, H. J. Biol. Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
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