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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Repression by TTK69 of GAGA-mediated activation occurs in the absence of TTK69 binding to DNA and solely requires the contribution of the POZ/BTB domain of TTK69.

tramtrack 69 (TTK69) is known to repress GAGA- mediated activation of the eve promoter in S2 cells. Here, we show that repression by TTK69 occurs in the absence of bona fide TTK69-binding sites on the template, indicating that it does not require the binding of TTK69 to DNA. Consistent with this interpretation, the POZ/BTB domain of TTK69, which does not bind DNA, is sufficient for repression. Moreover, a fusion protein in which the POZ/BTB domain of GAGA is replaced by that of TTK69 is not capable of activating the eve promoter but efficiently represses GAGA-dependent activation. Repression involves GAGA-TTK69 interaction because TTK69 is not capable of repressing basal transcription. Most probably, GAGA-TTK69 interaction occurs at the promoter because GAGA.TTK69 complexes are fully competent in binding DNA in vitro. Our results also show that repression by TTK69 of GAGA-dependent activation of the eve promoter is not mediated by any of the co-repressors known to interact with TTK69 (dMi2 or C-terminal binding protein) or by trichostatin A-sensitive histone deacetylases. Altogether, these observations strongly suggest that the binding of TTK69 prevents the interaction of GAGA with the transcription machinery and, therefore, compromises its activation potential.[1]


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