The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Human tra2-beta1 autoregulates its protein concentration by influencing alternative splicing of its pre-mRNA.

HTRA2-BETA1 is an SR-like protein that regulates alternative splice site selection in a concentration-dependent manner. Its proper concentration is important as several pathological states are associated with its change. We investigated the mechanism that controls the cellular HTRA2-BETA1 concentration and found it utilizes a negative feedback loop to regulate the splicing of its exon 2. TRA2-BETA1 binds to four enhancers present in exon 2, which activates its inclusion. Inclusion of exon 2 generates mRNAs that are not translated into proteins. Mutations of exon 2 enhancers demonstrate that TRA2-BETA1 binds a degenerate sequence GHVVGANR, which is found more frequently in exons than in introns. Hyperphosphorylation of TRA2-BETA1 strongly reduces its binding to RNA. Presence of the CLK2 kinase prevents the usage of exons 2 and 3, generating the htra2-beta3 mRNA. The resulting HTRA2-BETA3 protein lacks the first RS domain of HTRA2-BETA1, is expressed in several tissues and has no influence on tra2-beta splice site selection. HTRA2-BETA1 interacting proteins promote exon 2 skipping by sequestering it, which upregulates the HTRA2-BETA1 protein synthesis. We propose that the regulation of the tra2-beta pre-mRNA alternative splicing provides a robust and sensitive molecular sensor that measures the ratio between HTRA2-BETA1 and its interacting proteins.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities