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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Actin-dependent fluid-phase endocytosis in inner cortex cells of maize root apices.

The fluorescent dye Lucifer Yellow (LY) is a well-known and widely-used marker for fluid-phase endocytosis. In this paper, both light and electron microscopy revealed that LY was internalized into transition zone cells of the inner cortex of intact maize root apices. The internalized LY was localized within tubulo-vesicular compartments invaginating from the plasma membrane at actomyosin-enriched pit-fields and individual plasmodesmata, as well as within adjacent small peripheral vacuoles. The internalization of LY was blocked by pretreating the roots with the F-actin depolymerizing drug latrunculin B, but not with the F-actin stabilizer jasplakinolide. F-actin enriched plasmodesmata and pit-fields of the inner cortex also contain abundant plant-specific unconventional class VIII myosin(s). In addition, 2,3 butanedione monoxime, a general inhibitor of myosin ATPases, partially inhibited the uptake of LY into cells of the inner cortex. Conversely, loss of microtubules did not inhibit fluid-phase endocytosis of LY into these cells. In conclusion, specialized actin- and myosin VIII-enriched membrane domains perform a tissue-specific form of fluid-phase endocytosis in maize root apices. The possible physiological relevance of this process is discussed.[1]


  1. Actin-dependent fluid-phase endocytosis in inner cortex cells of maize root apices. Baluska, F., Samaj, J., Hlavacka, A., Kendrick-Jones, J., Volkmann, D. J. Exp. Bot. (2004) [Pubmed]
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