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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Anthocyanin from strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) with the novel aglycone, 5-carboxypyranopelargonidin.

An anthocyanin, 1, with the novel 4-substituted aglycone, 5-carboxypyranopelargonidin, was isolated in small amounts from the acidified, methanolic extract of strawberries, Fragaria ananassa Duch., by preparative HPLC after purification by partition against ethyl acetate, Amberlite XAD-7 and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. It was identified mainly by 2D NMR spectroscopy and electrospray LC-MS as the 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside of 5-carboxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,8-dihydroxy-pyrano[4,3,2-de]-1-benzopyrylium, an anthocyanidin which is homologous to 5-carboxypyranomalvidin (vitisidin A) reported in red wines and 5-carboxypyranocyanidin recently isolated from red onions. By comparison of UV-Vis absorption spectra, 1 showed in contrast to 2, pelargonidin 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside, a local absorption peak around 360 nm, a hypsochromic shift (8 nm) of the visible absorption maximum, and lack of a distinct UV absorption peak around 280 nm. The similarities between the absorption spectra of 1 in various acidic and neutral buffer solutions implied restricted formation of the instable colourless equilibrium forms, which are typical for most anthocyanins in weakly acidic solutions. The molar absorptivity (epsilon) of 1 varied little with pH contrary to similar values of for instance the major anthocyanin in strawberry, 2. However, 2 revealed higher epsilon-values than 1 at all pH values except 5. 1. At pH 5.1, the epsilon-value of 1 (6250) was nearly four times the corresponding value of 2 (1720), which showed the potential of 5-carboxypyranopelargonidin derivatives as colorants in solutions with pH around 5. The colours of 1 and 2 in buffered solutions with pH 1.1 and pH 6.9 have been described by the CIELAB coordinates h(ab) (hue angle), C* (chroma), and L* (lightness).[1]


  1. Anthocyanin from strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) with the novel aglycone, 5-carboxypyranopelargonidin. Andersen, Ø.M., Fossen, T., Torskangerpoll, K., Fossen, A., Hauge, U. Phytochemistry (2004) [Pubmed]
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