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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Smad3 interacts with JunB and Cbfa1/ Runx2 for transforming growth factor-beta1-stimulated collagenase-3 expression in human breast cancer cells.

We have previously shown that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, a crucial molecule in metastatic bone cancer, stimulates collagenase-3 expression in the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB231. To understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for TGF-beta1 response on collagenase-3 promoter activity, a functional analysis of the promoter region of the collagenase-3 gene was carried out, and we identified the distal runt domain (RD) and proximal RD/ activator protein-1 ( AP-1) sites as necessary for full TGF-beta1-stimulated collagenase-3 promoter activity. Gel shift, real time reverse transcriptase-PCR, and Western blot analyses showed increased levels of c-Jun, JunB, and Cbfa1/ Runx2 upon TGF-beta1 treatment in MDA-MB231 cells. Co-immunoprecipitation in vitro studies identified no physical interaction between JunB and Cbfa1/ Runx2, whereas Smad3 interacted with both. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments confirmed interaction of Smad3 with JunB and Cbfa1/ Runx2. Under basal conditions, Cbfa1/ Runx2 bound to both the proximal RD/ AP-1 and distal RD sites. In response to TGF-beta1, Cbfa1/ Runx2 was seen only at the distal RD site, whereas JunB occupied the proximal RD/ AP-1 site. An assemblage of Smad3, JunB, and Cbfa1/ Runx2 at the distal RD site of the collagenase-3 promoter occurred in response to TGF-beta1 in MDA-MB231 cells. Co-transfection of Smad3, JunB, and Cbfa1/ Runx2 constructs along with a constitutively active TGF-beta type I receptor construct identified functional interaction of these proteins and transcriptional activation of the collagenase-3 gene by TGF-beta1. Taken together, our results suggest that TGF-beta1 stimulated JunB and Cbfa1/ Runx2 to bind to their respective DNA consensus sites and that Smad3 is likely to stabilize their interaction to confer functional TGF-beta1-stimulation of collagenase-3 expression in MDA-MB231 cells.[1]


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