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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

TULA: an SH3- and UBA-containing protein that binds to c-Cbl and ubiquitin.

Downregulation of protein tyrosine kinases is a major function of the multidomain protein c-Cbl. This effect of c-Cbl is critical for both negative regulation of normal physiological stimuli and suppression of cellular transformation. In spite of the apparent importance of these effects of c-Cbl, their own regulation is poorly understood. To search for possible novel regulators of c-Cbl, we purified a number of c-Cbl-associated proteins by affinity chromatography and identified them by mass spectrometry. Among them, we identified the UBA- and SH3-containing protein T-cell Ubiquitin LigAnd (TULA), which can also bind to ubiquitin. Functional studies in a model system based on co-expression of TULA, c-Cbl, and EGF receptor in 293T cells demonstrate that TULA is capable of inhibiting c-Cbl-mediated downregulation of EGF receptor. Furthermore, modulation of TULA concentration in Jurkat T-lymphoblastoid cells demonstrates that TULA upregulates the activity of both Zap kinase and NF-AT transcription factor. Therefore, our study indicates that TULA counters the inhibitory effect of c-Cbl on protein tyrosine kinases and, thus, may be involved in the regulation of biological effects of c-Cbl. Finally, our results suggest that TULA-mediated inhibition of the effects of c-Cbl on protein tyrosine kinases is caused by TULA-induced ubiquitylation and degradation of c-Cbl.[1]


  1. TULA: an SH3- and UBA-containing protein that binds to c-Cbl and ubiquitin. Feshchenko, E.A., Smirnova, E.V., Swaminathan, G., Teckchandani, A.M., Agrawal, R., Band, H., Zhang, X., Annan, R.S., Carr, S.A., Tsygankov, A.Y. Oncogene (2004) [Pubmed]
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