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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A single measurement is inadequate to estimate enterolactone levels in danish postmenopausal women due to large intraindividual variation.

Single measurements of enterolactone (ENL) used in epidemiologic studies are influenced by intraindividual variation. The objective of this controlled study was to investigate short-term intraindividual variations in serum and urine ENL. Based on these variations, the number of samples required to describe the basal ENL level was estimated. Healthy Danish postmenopausal women (n = 6) aged 54-67 y completed 3 study periods of 24 h within 2 mo. Blood samples were collected at 0, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24 h and 24-h urine samples were collected. A low-lignan, standardized diet of 3 meals was served. ENL was measured by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay. Intraindividual and interindividual variations were estimated using a mixed model with repeated measurements. Significant and systematic intraindividual within-day variations (CV) of 31% were observed in serum. Intraindividual day-to-day variations were 56% and overall intraindividual variation of samples collected at random times and on different days was estimated to be 64%. Describing this overall variation required 7 blood samples when estimated with a precision of 50% and 95% confidence. Day-to-day variations in 24-h urine samples were 49%. Large within-day and day-to-day variations suggest that a single measurement of ENL is inadequate to estimate the basal ENL level.[1]


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