The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system regulation in recently detoxified alcoholics is not altered by one week of treatment with acamprosate.

BACKGROUND: Acamprosate decreases relapse rates in alcohol-dependent patients by approximately 10-20% within the first year after detoxification. Psychological stress is a major risk fac-tor for relapse and is associated with activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system. In recently detoxified alcoholics, the HPA system is dysregulated with non-suppression of cortisol after dexamethasone administration. We therefore investigated whether acamprosate normalizes HPA hyperactivity in alcoholics within the first 3 weeks of abstinence, employing a combined dexamethasone/corticotropin-releasing hormone (Dex-CRH)-test. METHODS: Thirty alcohol-dependent patients were tested one week after withdrawal signs had disappeared. In 15 patients, acamprosate, 1332-1998 mg/day, was administered orally and a second Dex-CRH test was performed 1 week later. In the other 15 patients, acamprosate treatment was offered only after the second test. RESULTS: CRH-stimulated cortisol secretion was significantly increased in both the acamprosate group and the group receiving no anti-relapse medication compared to a control group of 15 healthy subjects. Acamprosate treatment had no effect on basal or CRH- stimulated ACTH or cortisol secretion. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that 1 week of acamprosate treatment does not attenuate the HPA dysregulation ob-served during early abstinence.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities