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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of interleukin-18 binding protein production by blood and synovial cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

OBJECTIVE: To study the regulation of interleukin-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) production by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or control peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and by RA synovial tissue cells, and to compare the levels of IL-18BP messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in whole blood from RA patients and controls. METHODS: Unstimulated or phytohemagglutinin and phorbol myristate acetate ( PHA/PMA)-stimulated PBMCs from 10 RA patients and 12 healthy controls and unstimulated or PHA/PMA- stimulated synovial tissue cells from 8 RA patients were cultured with or without IL-12 (1 ng/ml) and IL-18 (5 ng/ml) alone or in combination. IL-18BP and interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) levels in supernatants were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Levels of IL-18BP and IFN gamma mRNA expression in whole blood samples from 22 RA patients and 12 healthy controls were determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: IL-12 decreased the basal levels of IL-18BP production by freshly isolated RA or control PBMCs, but increased those of synovial cells or PHA/PMA-stimulated PBMCs. IL-18 alone had no direct effect on IL-18BP production by PBMCs or RA synovial cells, with or without stimulation. Unstimulated whole blood samples from RA patients showed lower levels of IL-18BP mRNA expression than those from healthy controls. CONCLUSION: The production of IL-18BP in response to IL-12 and IL-18 was regulated differently in blood and synovial cells. The difference appears to be related to the level of cell activation.[1]


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