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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effect of CYP19 and COMT polymorphisms on exercise-induced fat loss in postmenopausal women.

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether genetic polymorphisms in CYP19 [intron 4 (TTTA)n; n = 7 to 13 and a 3-base pair deletion, which is in strong linkage disequilibrium with the seven repeat] and COMT (Val108/158Met) modified the change in BMI, total and percentage body fat, or subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat during a year-long exercise intervention trial. These genes metabolize estrogens and androgens, which are important in body fat regulation. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A randomized intervention trial was used, with an intervention goal of 225 min/wk of moderate-intensity exercise for one year. Participants (n = 173) were postmenopausal, 50 to 75 years old, sedentary, overweight or obese, and not taking hormone therapy at baseline. RESULTS: Exercisers with two vs. no CYP19 11-repeat alleles had a larger decrease in total fat (-3.1 kg vs. -0.5 kg, respectively, p = 0.01) and percentage body fat (-2.4% vs. -0.6%, respectively, p = 0.001). Exercisers with the COMT Met/Met vs. Val/Val genotype had a smaller decrease in percentage fat (-0.7% vs. -1.9%, respectively, p = 0.05). Among exercisers, women with the COMT Val/Val genotype and at least one copy of the CYP19 11-repeat allele vs. those with neither genotype/allele had a significantly larger decrease in BMI (-1.0 vs. +0.1 kg/m2, respectively, p = 0.009), total fat (-2.9 vs. -0.5 kg, respectively, p = 0.004), and percentage body fat (-2.6% vs. -0.4%, respectively, p < 0.001). DISCUSSION: Genetic polymorphisms in CYP19 and COMT may be important for body fat regulation and possibly modify the effect of exercise on fat loss in postmenopausal women.[1]


  1. The effect of CYP19 and COMT polymorphisms on exercise-induced fat loss in postmenopausal women. Tworoger, S.S., Chubak, J., Aiello, E.J., Yasui, Y., Ulrich, C.M., Farin, F.M., Stapleton, P.L., Irwin, M.L., Potter, J.D., Schwartz, R.S., McTiernan, A. Obes. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
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