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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Comparing the fixed combination dorzolamide-timolol (Cosopt) to concomitant administration of 2% dorzolamide (Trusopt) and 0.5% timolol -- a randomized controlled trial and a replacement study.

PURPOSE: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect of concomitant administration of 0.5% timolol and 2% dorzolamide and a fixed combination dorzolamide-timolol (Cosopt) To critically evaluate discrepancies between phase 3 clinical trials and prior replacement studies. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial and a prospective, non-randomized comparative replacement trial. PARTICIPANTS/INTERVENTIONS: In a national multicentre trial, 131 patients were randomized to dorzolamide-timolol or a topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor ( CAI) and non-selective beta-blocker following a 1-month run-in using the separate components. Peak (maximal drug effect) and trough (minimal drug effect) IOPs were measured at baseline and 1 month after treatment. The replacement therapy study enrolled 404 consecutive glaucoma patients using a non-selective beta-blocker and dorzolamide and changed treatment to the fixed combination. Mean IOPs at the same time of day were compared before and 1 month after changeover. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The main outcome measure was IOP, comparing baseline and on-therapy measurements at study conclusion between the two arms of the randomized trial and before and after switching therapy in the replacement trial. RESULTS: In the randomized trial, the mean baseline peak and trough IOPs were 18.4 and 21.0 mmHg in the group randomized to combination therapy and 17.6 and 19.8 mmHg in the dual drug group. After randomization and treatment for four weeks, the peak and trough IOPs were 17.6 and 19.5 mmHg in the combination group and 17.3 and 19.0 mmHg in the concomitant group. The percentage change in IOP was -3.2% at peak and -6.5% at trough for the combination and -0.3 and -3.2% for the concomitant group. These differences did not show statistical significance. In the replacement study, mean baseline IOP was 19.4 mmHg. Four weeks after initiation of treatment on the fixed combination, a significant additional IOP reduction of 1.7 mmHg (-8.8%) was observed (P < 0.0001). Overall, 81% of eyes exhibited equal or lower IOP on the fixed combination compared with concomitant therapy. CONCLUSION: The results of the randomized trial indicate that the fixed combination dorzolamide-timolol (Cosopt) was as effective as its components in controlling IOP, confirming results seen in phase 3 clinical trials. However, in the replacement study, utilization of the combination drug offered a statistically significant additional IOP reduction (P < 0.0001), which duplicates results from previous replacement studies.[1]

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