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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cell density-dependent expression of EDG family receptors and mesangial cell proliferation: role in lysophosphatidic acid-mediated cell growth.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a major member of the bioactive lysophospholipids in serum, possesses diverse physiological activities including cell proliferation. Recently, three endothelial differentiation gene (EDG) family receptors, including EDG-2 (LPA1), EDG-4 (LPA2), and EDG-7 (LPA3), have been identified as LPA receptors. The role of LPA and their receptors in mesangial cell physiology is not clearly understood. This study examined the expression profile of EDG receptors as a function of cell density and the participation of EDG receptors in human mesangial cell proliferation by LPA. We showed that mesangial cells express all three EDG family LPA receptors in a cell density-dependent manner. EDG-7 maximally expressed at sparse cell density and minimally expressed in dense cell population. The EDG-2 expression pattern was opposite to the EDG-7. No changes in EDG-4 expression as a function of cell density were noted. DNA synthetic rate was greater in sparse cell density compared with dense cell population and followed a similar pattern with EDG-7 expression. Comparative studies in sparse and dense cell density indicated that EDG-7 was positively associated, whereas EDG-2 was negatively associated with cell proliferation rate. LPA induced mesangial cell proliferation by 1.5- to 3.5-fold. Dioctanoylglycerol pyrophosphate, an antagonist for EDG-7, almost completely inhibited mesangial cell proliferation induced by LPA. We suggest that EDG-7 regulates LPA-mediated mesangial cell proliferation. Additionally, these data suggest that EDG-7 and EDG-2 LPA receptors play a diverse role as proliferative and antiproliferative, respectively, in mesangial cells. Regulation of EDG family receptors may be importantly linked to mesangial cell-proliferative processes.[1]


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