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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Numerical simulation of the casting process of titanium tooth crowns and bridges.

The objectives of this paper were to simulate the casting process of titanium tooth crowns and bridges; to predict and control porosity defect. A casting simulation software, MAGMASOFT, was used. The geometry of the crowns with fine details of the occlusal surface were digitized by means of laser measuring technique, then converted and read in the simulation software. Both mold filling and solidification were simulated, the shrinkage porosity was predicted by a "feeding criterion", and the gas pore sensitivity was studied based on the mold filling and solidification simulations. Two types of dental prostheses (a single-crown casting and a three-unit-bridge) with various sprue designs were numerically "poured", and only one optimal design for each prosthesis was recommended for real casting trial. With the numerically optimized design, real titanium dental prostheses (five replicas for each) were made on a centrifugal casting machine. All the castings endured radiographic examination, and no porosity was detected in the cast prostheses. It indicates that the numerical simulation is an efficient tool for dental casting design and porosity control.[1]


  1. Numerical simulation of the casting process of titanium tooth crowns and bridges. Wu, M., Augthun, M., Wagner, I., Sahm, P.R., Spiekermann, H. Journal of materials science. Materials in medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
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