The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation of catecholamine synthesis by environmental estrogenic pollutants.

Environmental estrogenic pollutants are compounds that have been shown to have estrogenic effects on fetal development and reproductive systems. Less attention, however, has been paid to their influence on neuronal functions. We report here the effects of estrogenic pollutants on catecholamine synthesis in bovine adrenal medullary cells used as a model system of noradrenergic neurons. Treatment of cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells with p-nonylphenol and bisphenol A at 10 nM for 3 d stimulated [14C]catecholamine synthesis from [14C]tyrosine and tyrosine hydroxylase activity, an effect that was not inhibited by ICI 182,780, an antagonist of estrogen receptors. Significant effects of p-nonylphenol on [14C]catecholamine synthesis were observed at 0.1 nM, which is 45 times lower than that of the international regulatory standard (4.5 nM), and the maximum effects were around 10-100 nM. The concentrations (0.1-10 nM) used in the present study are similar to the range observed in rivers in the United States or Europe. On the other hand, short-term treatment of cells with 10 nM p-nonylphenol for 10 min also activated tyrosine hydroxylase, which was suppressed by U0126, an inhibitor of MAPK kinase. Furthermore, treatment of cells with p-nonylphenol for 5 min increased the phospho-p44/42MAPK in a concentration-dependent (1-1000 nM) manner, whereas p-nonylphenol (100 nm, 2 d) enhanced both levels of non-phospho- and phospho-p44/42MAPK. These findings suggest that short-term and long-term treatment of cells with estrogenic pollutants at environmental concentrations stimulates catecholamine synthesis and MAPK through an estrogen receptor-independent pathway.[1]


  1. Stimulation of catecholamine synthesis by environmental estrogenic pollutants. Yanagihara, N., Toyohira, Y., Ueno, S., Tsutsui, M., Utsunomiya, K., Liu, M., Tanaka, K. Endocrinology (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities