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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inheritance of lysosomal acid beta-galactosidase activity and gangliosides in crosses of DBA/2J and knockout mice.

GM1 gangliosidosis is a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by deficiencies in lysosomal acid beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) and involves accumulation and storage of ganglioside GM1 and its asialo form (GA1) in brain and visceral tissues. Similar to the infantile/juvenile human disease forms, B6/129Sv beta-gal knockout (ko) mice express residual tissue beta-gal activity and significant elevations of brain GM1, GA1, and total gangliosides. Previous studies suggested that inbred DBA/2J (D2) mice may model a mild form of the human disease since total brain ganglioside and GM1 concentration is higher while beta-gal specific activity is lower (by 70-80%) in D2 mice than in inbred C57BL/6J (B6) mice and other mouse strains. A developmental genetic analysis was conducted to determine if the genes encoding beta-gal ( Bgl) in the D2 and the ko mice were functionally allelic and if the reduced brain beta-gal activity in D2 mice could account for elevations in total brain gangliosides and GM1. Crosses were made between D2 mice homozygous for the Bgld allele (d/d), and either B6/129Sv mice heterozygous for the Bgl+ allele (+/-) or homozygous for the ko Bgl- allele (-/-) to generate d/+ and d/- mice. Specific beta-gal activity (nmol/ mg protein/h) showed additive inheritance in brain, liver, and kidney at juvenile (21 days) and adult (255 days) ages with the d/- mice having only about 16% of the beta-gal activity as that in the +/+ mice. These results indicate that the Bgl genes in the D2 and the ko mice are noncomplementing functional alleles. However, the d/- mice did not express GA1 and had total brain ganglioside and GM1 concentrations similar to those in the d/+ and +/+ mice. These results suggest that the reduced brain beta-gal activity alone cannot account for the elevation of total brain gangliosides and GM1 in the D2 mice.[1]


  1. Inheritance of lysosomal acid beta-galactosidase activity and gangliosides in crosses of DBA/2J and knockout mice. Hauser, E.C., Kasperzyk, J.L., d'Azzo, A., Seyfried, T.N. Biochem. Genet. (2004) [Pubmed]
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