The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the vascular wall during arteriogenesis.

Nitric oxide (NO) has been demonstrated to play an important role in angiogenesis, and also to be involved in collateral vessel growth. The expression of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) is moderated partly by blood flow-induced mechanical factors, i.e., shear stress. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the expression of eNOS correlates with the development of collateral vessels in dog heart, induced by chronic occlusion of the left circumflex artery. Immunoconfocal microscopy using an antibody against eNOS was used to detect expression of eNOS in different stages of arteriogenesis. Collateral vessels were classified into normal, growing and mature vessels by using the cytoskeleton marker desmin. Expression of the growth factors bFGF and metallproteinase-2 (MMP-2) was also examined. The data show that in normal arteriolar vessels, expression of eNOS is very low, but in growing collateral vessel there is a 6.2-fold increase, which, however, returned to normal levels in mature collateral vessels. The expression of eNOS was localized only in endothelium, either in normal or growing vessels. bFGF was very weakly stained in normal vessels, but highly expressed in growing collateral vessels. MMP-2 was strongly stained in neointima, but very weak in endothelium. In addition, we also examined expression of iNOS because iNOS may be induced in vessel injury or in disease states, but it was not detected in either normal or growing collateral vessels. Our findings indicate that the expression pattern of eNOS is closely associated with the development of collateral vessels, suggesting that eNOS plays an important role in arteriogenesis.[1]


  1. Expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the vascular wall during arteriogenesis. Cai, W.J., Kocsis, E., Luo, X., Schaper, W., Schaper, J. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities